We investigated the effects of various types of calcium channel antagonists on the amelioration by nefiracetam [N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-2-(2- oxo-1-pyrrolidinyl) acetamide, DM-9384] of scopolamine-induced impairment of performance in a passive avoidance task in mice. The reversal of the scopolamine-induced impairment of performance by nefiracetam showed a bell- shaped plot. Both i.p. and i.c.v. injection of L-type calcium channel antagonists such as nifedipine and flunarizine attenuated the ameliorating effects of nefiracetam, although diltiazem had no effect. Neomycin, an N- type calcium channel antagonist, also attenuated these effects of nefiracetam in a dose-dependent manner. Further, LaCl3 but not NiCl2 showed inhibitory effects on the amelioration by nefiracetam. These results suggest that the activation of high-voltage-activated, but not low-voltage-activated, calcium channels is involved in the ameliorating effects of nefiracetam on scopolamine-induced impairment of performance in a passive avoidance task.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|Publication status||Published - 18-10-1994|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine