Background: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients that harbor epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations benefit from receiving an EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI); however, post-progression survival (PPS) after EGFR-TKI treatment has not been sufficiently studied. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data from stage IV or recurrent NSCLC patients who harbored EGFR mutations and who received EGFR-TKI as their first-line treatment in our institute between 2009 and 2011. Results: In total, 36 patients received EGFR-TKI treatment as their first-line therapy. Of those 36 patients, 30 experienced recurrence and were enrolled in this study. The median progression- free survival (PFS) of these patients was 8.2 months. Twelve patients received EGFR-TKI treatment beyond the diagnosis of progressive disease (PD), and 8 received second-line therapy. The PPS after EGFR-TKI treatment was 9.1 months, and survival after the termination of EGFR-TKI treatment in those patients treated with second-line chemotherapy was 13.9 months. The site of relapse was investigated and PFS in EGFR-TKItreated patients with relapse in the brain (11.6 months) showed a trend toward a longer PFS compared with patients with relapse at other sites (8.2 months). The median PPS after EGFR-TKI treatment also showed the same trend in each group (12.9 and 9.2 months, respectively). Conclusions: The PPS after EGFR-TKI treatment failure was 9.1 months, while the survival of patients who underwent second-line chemotherapy after the termination of EGFR-TKI treatment was 13.9 months, comparable with the overall survival of EGFR mutation-negative patients, as previously reported. The prognosis of these NSCLC patients with EGFR mutations varied according to the sites of recurrence after first-line EGFR-TKI treatment. Of particular note was the prognosis of patients with brain metastases, which tended to be better than that of patients with metastases to other sites.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)