Precise timing resolution measurements of GSO scintillators with different Ce concentrations combined with silicon photomultipliers

Satoshi Okumura, Seiichi Yamamoto, Jung Yeol Yeom, Naoaki Shimura, Hiroyuki Ishibashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Ce doped Gd2SiO5 (GSO) is a scintillator which has relatively fast decay time, high density, high light output, and is used for commercial PET systems. However as time-of-flight (TOF) PET systems become more popular in clinical diagnostic, GSO seems less attractive, because its performance is thought to be insufficient for use in TOF-PET application. Although the timing resolution of the GSO combined with photomultiplier tube (PMT) is known to be inappropriate for TOF-PET system, the performance of GSO coupled to silicon photomultipliers (Si-PM) has not been reported to date. In addition, GSO possesses a variety of decay times depending on its Ce concentration. We measured basic performance of GSOs with different Ce concentrations and then coupled them to Si-PMs to measure the precise timing resolution using a high bandwidth digital oscilloscope. The decay time of GSO with 0.4 mol% Ce were longer (63±4 ns) compared with those with 1.0 mol% (40±2 ns) and 1.5 mol% (33±1 ns). With a Si-PM, the photo-peak channels were almost the same for GSOs with 0.4 mol% Ce and those with 1.5 mol% Ce, but the GSO with 1.0 mol% Ce was ~25% higher. Energy resolutions of these three GSOs were ~13% full-width at half-maximum (FWHM) for 662 keV gamma photons without correcting for saturation effects. When coupled to Si-PMs, the timing resolution for GSO with 1.5 mol% Ce (decay time 33 ns) was 549 ps FWHM, almost good enough to use for TOF-PET system. The combination of GSO with 1.5 mol% Ce with Si-PM will be an interesting combination to realize low cost TOF-PET systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)153-157
Number of pages5
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Publication statusPublished - 01-10-2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation


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