Prediction of mobilized hematopoietic stem cell yield in patients with multiple myeloma: Usefulness of whole-body MRI-derived indices

Miyuki Takasu, Ryo Higashino, Takahiro Sueoka, Saki Kawai, Nobuko Tanitame, Akihisa Tamura, Makoto Iida, Takakazu Kawase, Tatsuo Ichinohe, Kazuo Awai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction High-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell transplant is the mainstay of treatment for multiple myeloma (MM). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of MRI-derived indices to predict mobilized hematopoietic stem cell yield. Materials and methods In this exploratory pilot work, we retrospectively analyzed 38 mobilization procedures for MM. Successful mobilization procedure was defined as a total yield of >4.0×106 CD34+ cells/kg. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify factors with a significant effect on successful mobilization from among clinical characteristics including number of prior lines of therapy, period from diagnosis to harvest, type of monoclonal protein (M protein); and radiological characteristics including total diffusion volume (tDV), median apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of tDV, and mean fat fraction of bone marrow calculated by MRI. Results Univariate analyses showed that relatively poor mobilization was significantly associated with M protein of Bence-Jones type and with median ADC of tDV (P = 0.02 and P = 0.004, respectively). Multivariate analyses using these two indices showed that median ADC of tDV was a significant predictive factor for adequate mobilization (P = 0.01), with an area under the curve of 0.784 (cutoff value, 1.18×10-3 mm2/s; sensitivity, 72.7%; specificity, 87.5%). Conclusion The present data indicate that median ADC of tDV is a predictive factor for relatively poor mobilization of hematopoietic stem cells in MM patients undergoing autologous stem cell transplant.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0283241
JournalPloS one
Volume18
Issue number3 MARCH
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 03-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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