Prediction of pathological complete response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer using radiomics of pretreatment dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI

Kotaro Yoshida, Hiroko Kawashima, Takayuki Kannon, Atsushi Tajima, Naoki Ohno, Kanako Terada, Atsushi Takamatsu, Hayato Adachi, Masako Ohno, Tosiaki Miyati, Satoko Ishikawa, Hiroko Ikeda, Toshifumi Gabata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate if the pretreatment dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI)-based radiomics machine learning predicts the pathological complete response (pCR) to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) in breast cancer patients. Methods: Seventy-eight breast cancer patients who underwent DCE-MRI before NAC and confirmed as pCR or non-pCR were enrolled. Early enhancement mapping images of pretreatment DCE-MRI were created using subtraction formula as follows: Early enhancement mapping = (Signal 1 min – Signal pre)/Signal pre. Images of the whole tumors were manually segmented and radiomics features extracted. Five prediction models were built using five scenarios that included clinical information, subjective radiological findings, first order texture features, second order texture features, and their combinations. In texture analysis workflow, the corresponding variables were identified by mutual information for feature selection and random forest was used for model prediction. In five models, the area under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUC) to predict the pCR and several metrics for model evaluation were analyzed. Results: The best diagnostic performance based on F-score was achieved when both first and second order texture features with clinical information and subjective radiological findings were used (AUC = 0.77). The second best diagnostic performance was achieved with an AUC of 0.76 for first order texture features followed by an AUC of 0.76 for first and second order texture features. Conclusions: Pretreatment DCE-MRI can improve the prediction of pCR in breast cancer patients when all texture features with clinical information and subjective radiological findings are input to build the prediction model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-25
Number of pages7
JournalMagnetic Resonance Imaging
Volume92
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10-2022
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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