Predictive factors for tooth loss in older adults vary according to occlusal support: A 6-year longitudinal survey from the SONIC study

Hitomi Sato, Kodai Hatta, Yuki Murotani, Toshihito Takahashi, Yasuyuki Gondo, Kei Kamide, Yukie Masui, Tatsuro Ishizaki, Mai Kabayama, Soshiro Ogata, Ken ichi Matsuda, Yusuke Mihara, Motoyoshi Fukutake, Hiromasa Hagino, Kotaro Higashi, Suzuna Akema, Masahiro Kitamura, Shinya Murakami, Yoshinobu Maeda, Kazunori Ikebe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this cohort study among community-dwelling older adults aged over 70 years was to investigate the influence of occlusal support on tooth loss, and to determine predictive factors for tooth loss for each occlusal support category using multilevel analyses. Methods: Participants were 812 older adults who completed the baseline survey and the follow-up survey 6 years later. The Eichner index was used to evaluate occlusal support status. A generalized estimating equation (GEE) logistic regression analysis was used to examine the influence of occlusal support status on tooth loss while adjusting for various factors at individual and tooth levels. Similar analyses were separately performed in each Eichner class to determine predictive factors for tooth loss. Results: The GEE showed that a decline in occlusal support increased the risk of tooth loss (Eichner A: reference category, Eichner B: odds ratio (OR) = 1.96, p < 0.001, Eichner C: OR = 3.04, p < 0.001). Stratified analysis showed that deeper periodontal pockets and abutment teeth for fixed partial dentures were significantly associated with tooth loss, regardless of occlusal support. In Eichner A, the presence of an opposing tooth was advantageous in protecting the tooth, and a missing adjacent tooth was not significantly associated with tooth loss. An opposing tooth was associated with the risk of tooth loss in Eichner B, and a missing adjacent tooth was significantly associated with tooth loss in Eichner B and C. Conclusions: A decline in occlusal support accelerated tooth loss. Predictive factors for tooth loss varied depending on occlusal support status. Clinical Significance: Occlusal support is an important factor in preventing tooth loss. Dentition conditions such as missing adjacent teeth and the presence of opposing teeth increase the risk of tooth loss in participants with poor occlusal support. Dental personnel need to carefully examine dentition conditions to assess the risk of occlusal collapse.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104088
JournalJournal of Dentistry
Volume121
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 06-2022
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dentistry(all)

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