Accumulating evidence suggests that overexpression of heat shock protein 47 (HSP47) increases cancer progression, and that HSP47 level in the tumor‑associated stroma may serve as a diagnostic marker in various cancers. The present study aimed to evaluate whether HSP47 gene expression in colorectal cancer (CRC) tissues could be used to identify lymph node (LN) metastasis status preoperatively in patients with CRC. To do so, HSP47 gene expression was determined and its asso‑ ciation with the clinicopathological characteristics of patients with CRC was analyzed. A total of 139 surgical specimens from patients with CRC and 36 patients with benign colonic disease undergoing surgery at Mie University Hospital were analyzed. HSP47 gene expression was determined by reverse transcription quantitative PCR using Power SYBR Green PCR methods. Expression level of HSP47 was significantly higher in CRC tissues compared with normal tissue from patients with benign colonic disease. Furthermore, high HSP47 expression was significantly associated with tumor progression, including high T stage, lymph node metastasis and venous invasion, and high TNM stage. High HSP47 expression may therefore serve as a novel predictive biomarker for determining patients with CRC and LN metastasis. According to Kaplan‑Meier analysis, patients with high HSP47 expression level had significantly poorer overall survival than those with low HSP47 expression level. Furthermore, multivariate analyses identified HSP47 expression as an independent predictive marker for LN metastasis and poor overall survival in patients with CRC. In summary, the present study demonstrated that HSP47 expres‑ sion may be considered as a novel biomarker for predicting LN metastasis status and prognosis in patients with CRC.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research