Preoperative periodontal treatment and its effects on postoperative infection in cardiac valve surgery

Hitomi Suzuki, Koichiro Matsuo, Mieko Okamoto, Haruka Nakata, Hitomi Sakamoto, Mirai Fujita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: Oral infection control is important for patients undergoing cardiac valve replacement (CVR) as prophylaxis for postoperative complications. This study examined the changes in oral health status by preoperative periodontal treatment and its effects on postsurgical complications in CVR patients. Material and methods: We recruited 64 patients undergoing CVR who received preoperative periodontal treatment at our hospital as the intervention group and retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 38 patients who had undergone CVR surgery without dental intervention as the control group. Oral health status was assessed at the first visit to our dental office, 1 day before surgery, and >7 days after surgery. Days of high fever, antibiotics use, and postoperative hospitalization were recorded for the intervention and control groups for statistical comparisons. Results: In the intervention group, oral health status significantly improved from the initial visit to >7 days after surgery. There were significantly fewer days of high fever (>37.5°C) in the intervention group than in the control group, with comparable results for other events. Conclusions: This study's findings suggest that preoperative periodontal treatment can improve oral health status surrounding CVR surgery and could be the contributor of the reduction in the risk of postoperative infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)485-490
Number of pages6
JournalClinical and Experimental Dental Research
Volume5
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-10-2019

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Heart Valves
Thoracic Surgery
Oral Health
Health Status
Ambulatory Surgical Procedures
Infection
Control Groups
Fever
Dental Offices
Therapeutics
Risk Reduction Behavior
Infection Control
Medical Records
Tooth
Hospitalization
Anti-Bacterial Agents

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Suzuki, Hitomi ; Matsuo, Koichiro ; Okamoto, Mieko ; Nakata, Haruka ; Sakamoto, Hitomi ; Fujita, Mirai. / Preoperative periodontal treatment and its effects on postoperative infection in cardiac valve surgery. In: Clinical and Experimental Dental Research. 2019 ; Vol. 5, No. 5. pp. 485-490.
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Preoperative periodontal treatment and its effects on postoperative infection in cardiac valve surgery. / Suzuki, Hitomi; Matsuo, Koichiro; Okamoto, Mieko; Nakata, Haruka; Sakamoto, Hitomi; Fujita, Mirai.

In: Clinical and Experimental Dental Research, Vol. 5, No. 5, 01.10.2019, p. 485-490.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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