PURPOSE: This study was designed to clarify a limit for steroid therapy in patients with ulcerative colitis through analyzing the preoperative major steroid-related complications and to define when alternative therapies, including surgery, should be performed in pediatric ulcerative colitis patients. METHODS: The medical records of 28 pediatric and 57 adult patients with ulcerative colitis who underwent total proctocolectomy and ileal J-pouch-anal anastomosis were reviewed. The relationship between the preoperative dose of glucocorticoids and major steroid-related complications, as well as the surgery variables, was evaluated. RESULTS: Significantly higher incidences of growth retardation, osteoporosis, glaucoma, and cataracts were noted in pediatric patients than in adult patients. In pediatric patients, major steroid-related complications occurred at a significantly lower preoperative total dosage of glucocorticoids/body weight (mg/kg) or preoperative total dosage of glucocorticoids/body surface area (mg/m2) than in adult patients. A similar surgical procedure was performed in both pediatric and adult patients. The presence of major steroid-related complications can lower a patient's long-term quality of life. CONCLUSIONS: Evidence-based guidelines for the recommended dose ofglucocorticoids according to body weight or body surface area are needed. To allow patients to feel well and maintain a good quality of life, early introduction of alternative treatments, including surgery, should be considered.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes