Presence of alternatively spliced transcripts of aromatase gene in human breast cancer

Toshiaki Utsumi, Nobuhiro Harada, Morito Maruta, Yasuyuki Takagi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

97 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The expression of aromatase (estrogen synthetase) is tissue specifically regulated through the alternative use of multiple exons 1 and promoters. We have determined the amounts of aromatase messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) and which type of multiple exons 1 of the human aromatase gene is used in breast tissues of 49 patients with breast cancer by reverse transcription- PCR analysis. The aromatase mRNA levels in these breast cancer tissues (4.53 ± 0.66 x 10-3 attomoles/μg RNA) were significantly (P < 0.01) higher than those in 16 nonmalignant breast tissues (1.73 ± 0.40 x 10-3 amol/μg RNA). Aromatase mRNA in all nonmalignant breast tissues was transcribed from skin fibroblast/fetal liver-specific exon 1 (exon 1b) of the gene. In 23 breast cancer tissues, the utilization of multiple exons 1 in the aromatase mRNa was the same as that in nonmalignant breast tissues, whereas in the other 26 cases, it changed from exon 1b to ovary-specific exon 1 (exon 1c). Such switching of tissue-specific exons 1 may affect strict regulation of the tissue-specific expression of aromatase, leading to abnormal expression of the aromatase. The consequent overproduction of local estrogen might promote carcinogenesis or the proliferation of breast cancers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2344-2349
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume81
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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