Prevalence and correlates of dyslipidemia among men and women in Palau: Findings of the Palau STEPS survey 2011–2013

Meishan Cui, Chifa Chiang, Renzhe Cui, Kaori Honjo, Hiroshi Yatsuya, Berry Moon Watson, Edolem Ikerdeu, Takashi Mita, Sherilynn Madraisau, Atsuko Aoyama, Hiroyasu Iso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Epidemiological evidence of dyslipidemia in Pacific Island countries is limited despite the knowledge that non-communicable diseases have a high burden in the region. We aimed to examine the prevalence and correlates of dyslipidemia among residents of Palau. Methods: The Palau STEPwise approach to Surveillance (STEPS), which was conducted from 2011 through 2013, comprised three parts: behavioral risk factors; physical measurements; and biochemical tests, covering areas such as blood lipids. We used STEPS-generated data to perform a cross-sectional study of 2,184 randomly selected Palau residents, comprising Palauans and non-Palauans aged 25–64 years. Results: The age-adjusted mean BMI was 29.3 kg/m 2 in men and 29.9 kg/m 2 in women; age-adjusted mean triglycerides value was 182 mg/dL in men and 166 mg/dL in women; and age-adjusted mean cholesterol was 178 mg/dL in men and 183 mg/dL in women. The prevalence of overweight/obesity (BMI ≥25 kg/m 2 ) was 75% in men and 76% in women, and those of hypertriglyceridemia (triglycerides ≥150 mg/dL) and hypercholesterolemia (total cholesterol ≥200 mg/dL) were 48% in men and 41% in women and 18% in men and 23% in women, respectively. Mean values of total cholesterol were 177 mg/dL in Palauan men and 182 mg/dL in non-Palauan men. Mean values of triglycerides were 171 mg/dL in Palauan women and 150 mg/dL in non-Palauan women. Women living in rural areas showed a higher mean value of total cholesterol than those in urban areas. Conclusion: We found a high mean BMI and high prevalence of overweight/obesity and hypertriglyceridemia, but low mean total cholesterol and a low prevalence of hypercholesterolemia in Palau. Lipid profiles varied by age, ethnicity, and living area.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-103
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of epidemiology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 05-03-2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology


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