Prevalence and correlates of dyslipidemia among men and women in Palau

Findings of the Palau STEPS survey 2011–2013

Meishan Cui, Chifa Chiang, Renzhe Cui, Kaori Honjo, Hiroshi Yatsuya, Berry Moon Watson, Edolem Ikerdeu, Takashi Mita, Sherilynn Madraisau, Atsuko Aoyama, Hiroyasu Iso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Epidemiological evidence of dyslipidemia in Pacific Island countries is limited despite the knowledge that non-communicable diseases have a high burden in the region. We aimed to examine the prevalence and correlates of dyslipidemia among residents of Palau. Methods: The Palau STEPwise approach to Surveillance (STEPS), which was conducted from 2011 through 2013, comprised three parts: behavioral risk factors; physical measurements; and biochemical tests, covering areas such as blood lipids. We used STEPS-generated data to perform a cross-sectional study of 2,184 randomly selected Palau residents, comprising Palauans and non-Palauans aged 25–64 years. Results: The age-adjusted mean BMI was 29.3 kg/m 2 in men and 29.9 kg/m 2 in women; age-adjusted mean triglycerides value was 182 mg/dL in men and 166 mg/dL in women; and age-adjusted mean cholesterol was 178 mg/dL in men and 183 mg/dL in women. The prevalence of overweight/obesity (BMI ≥25 kg/m 2 ) was 75% in men and 76% in women, and those of hypertriglyceridemia (triglycerides ≥150 mg/dL) and hypercholesterolemia (total cholesterol ≥200 mg/dL) were 48% in men and 41% in women and 18% in men and 23% in women, respectively. Mean values of total cholesterol were 177 mg/dL in Palauan men and 182 mg/dL in non-Palauan men. Mean values of triglycerides were 171 mg/dL in Palauan women and 150 mg/dL in non-Palauan women. Women living in rural areas showed a higher mean value of total cholesterol than those in urban areas. Conclusion: We found a high mean BMI and high prevalence of overweight/obesity and hypertriglyceridemia, but low mean total cholesterol and a low prevalence of hypercholesterolemia in Palau. Lipid profiles varied by age, ethnicity, and living area.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-103
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of epidemiology
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 05-03-2019

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Palau
Dyslipidemias
Cholesterol
Triglycerides
Hypertriglyceridemia
Hypercholesterolemia
Obesity
Pacific Islands
Lipids
Surveys and Questionnaires
Cross-Sectional Studies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Cui, Meishan ; Chiang, Chifa ; Cui, Renzhe ; Honjo, Kaori ; Yatsuya, Hiroshi ; Watson, Berry Moon ; Ikerdeu, Edolem ; Mita, Takashi ; Madraisau, Sherilynn ; Aoyama, Atsuko ; Iso, Hiroyasu. / Prevalence and correlates of dyslipidemia among men and women in Palau : Findings of the Palau STEPS survey 2011–2013. In: Journal of epidemiology. 2019 ; Vol. 29, No. 3. pp. 97-103.
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title = "Prevalence and correlates of dyslipidemia among men and women in Palau: Findings of the Palau STEPS survey 2011–2013",
abstract = "Background: Epidemiological evidence of dyslipidemia in Pacific Island countries is limited despite the knowledge that non-communicable diseases have a high burden in the region. We aimed to examine the prevalence and correlates of dyslipidemia among residents of Palau. Methods: The Palau STEPwise approach to Surveillance (STEPS), which was conducted from 2011 through 2013, comprised three parts: behavioral risk factors; physical measurements; and biochemical tests, covering areas such as blood lipids. We used STEPS-generated data to perform a cross-sectional study of 2,184 randomly selected Palau residents, comprising Palauans and non-Palauans aged 25–64 years. Results: The age-adjusted mean BMI was 29.3 kg/m 2 in men and 29.9 kg/m 2 in women; age-adjusted mean triglycerides value was 182 mg/dL in men and 166 mg/dL in women; and age-adjusted mean cholesterol was 178 mg/dL in men and 183 mg/dL in women. The prevalence of overweight/obesity (BMI ≥25 kg/m 2 ) was 75{\%} in men and 76{\%} in women, and those of hypertriglyceridemia (triglycerides ≥150 mg/dL) and hypercholesterolemia (total cholesterol ≥200 mg/dL) were 48{\%} in men and 41{\%} in women and 18{\%} in men and 23{\%} in women, respectively. Mean values of total cholesterol were 177 mg/dL in Palauan men and 182 mg/dL in non-Palauan men. Mean values of triglycerides were 171 mg/dL in Palauan women and 150 mg/dL in non-Palauan women. Women living in rural areas showed a higher mean value of total cholesterol than those in urban areas. Conclusion: We found a high mean BMI and high prevalence of overweight/obesity and hypertriglyceridemia, but low mean total cholesterol and a low prevalence of hypercholesterolemia in Palau. Lipid profiles varied by age, ethnicity, and living area.",
author = "Meishan Cui and Chifa Chiang and Renzhe Cui and Kaori Honjo and Hiroshi Yatsuya and Watson, {Berry Moon} and Edolem Ikerdeu and Takashi Mita and Sherilynn Madraisau and Atsuko Aoyama and Hiroyasu Iso",
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Cui, M, Chiang, C, Cui, R, Honjo, K, Yatsuya, H, Watson, BM, Ikerdeu, E, Mita, T, Madraisau, S, Aoyama, A & Iso, H 2019, 'Prevalence and correlates of dyslipidemia among men and women in Palau: Findings of the Palau STEPS survey 2011–2013', Journal of epidemiology, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 97-103. https://doi.org/10.2188/jea.JE20170127

Prevalence and correlates of dyslipidemia among men and women in Palau : Findings of the Palau STEPS survey 2011–2013. / Cui, Meishan; Chiang, Chifa; Cui, Renzhe; Honjo, Kaori; Yatsuya, Hiroshi; Watson, Berry Moon; Ikerdeu, Edolem; Mita, Takashi; Madraisau, Sherilynn; Aoyama, Atsuko; Iso, Hiroyasu.

In: Journal of epidemiology, Vol. 29, No. 3, 05.03.2019, p. 97-103.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence and correlates of dyslipidemia among men and women in Palau

T2 - Findings of the Palau STEPS survey 2011–2013

AU - Cui, Meishan

AU - Chiang, Chifa

AU - Cui, Renzhe

AU - Honjo, Kaori

AU - Yatsuya, Hiroshi

AU - Watson, Berry Moon

AU - Ikerdeu, Edolem

AU - Mita, Takashi

AU - Madraisau, Sherilynn

AU - Aoyama, Atsuko

AU - Iso, Hiroyasu

PY - 2019/3/5

Y1 - 2019/3/5

N2 - Background: Epidemiological evidence of dyslipidemia in Pacific Island countries is limited despite the knowledge that non-communicable diseases have a high burden in the region. We aimed to examine the prevalence and correlates of dyslipidemia among residents of Palau. Methods: The Palau STEPwise approach to Surveillance (STEPS), which was conducted from 2011 through 2013, comprised three parts: behavioral risk factors; physical measurements; and biochemical tests, covering areas such as blood lipids. We used STEPS-generated data to perform a cross-sectional study of 2,184 randomly selected Palau residents, comprising Palauans and non-Palauans aged 25–64 years. Results: The age-adjusted mean BMI was 29.3 kg/m 2 in men and 29.9 kg/m 2 in women; age-adjusted mean triglycerides value was 182 mg/dL in men and 166 mg/dL in women; and age-adjusted mean cholesterol was 178 mg/dL in men and 183 mg/dL in women. The prevalence of overweight/obesity (BMI ≥25 kg/m 2 ) was 75% in men and 76% in women, and those of hypertriglyceridemia (triglycerides ≥150 mg/dL) and hypercholesterolemia (total cholesterol ≥200 mg/dL) were 48% in men and 41% in women and 18% in men and 23% in women, respectively. Mean values of total cholesterol were 177 mg/dL in Palauan men and 182 mg/dL in non-Palauan men. Mean values of triglycerides were 171 mg/dL in Palauan women and 150 mg/dL in non-Palauan women. Women living in rural areas showed a higher mean value of total cholesterol than those in urban areas. Conclusion: We found a high mean BMI and high prevalence of overweight/obesity and hypertriglyceridemia, but low mean total cholesterol and a low prevalence of hypercholesterolemia in Palau. Lipid profiles varied by age, ethnicity, and living area.

AB - Background: Epidemiological evidence of dyslipidemia in Pacific Island countries is limited despite the knowledge that non-communicable diseases have a high burden in the region. We aimed to examine the prevalence and correlates of dyslipidemia among residents of Palau. Methods: The Palau STEPwise approach to Surveillance (STEPS), which was conducted from 2011 through 2013, comprised three parts: behavioral risk factors; physical measurements; and biochemical tests, covering areas such as blood lipids. We used STEPS-generated data to perform a cross-sectional study of 2,184 randomly selected Palau residents, comprising Palauans and non-Palauans aged 25–64 years. Results: The age-adjusted mean BMI was 29.3 kg/m 2 in men and 29.9 kg/m 2 in women; age-adjusted mean triglycerides value was 182 mg/dL in men and 166 mg/dL in women; and age-adjusted mean cholesterol was 178 mg/dL in men and 183 mg/dL in women. The prevalence of overweight/obesity (BMI ≥25 kg/m 2 ) was 75% in men and 76% in women, and those of hypertriglyceridemia (triglycerides ≥150 mg/dL) and hypercholesterolemia (total cholesterol ≥200 mg/dL) were 48% in men and 41% in women and 18% in men and 23% in women, respectively. Mean values of total cholesterol were 177 mg/dL in Palauan men and 182 mg/dL in non-Palauan men. Mean values of triglycerides were 171 mg/dL in Palauan women and 150 mg/dL in non-Palauan women. Women living in rural areas showed a higher mean value of total cholesterol than those in urban areas. Conclusion: We found a high mean BMI and high prevalence of overweight/obesity and hypertriglyceridemia, but low mean total cholesterol and a low prevalence of hypercholesterolemia in Palau. Lipid profiles varied by age, ethnicity, and living area.

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DO - 10.2188/jea.JE20170127

M3 - Article

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JO - Journal of Epidemiology

JF - Journal of Epidemiology

SN - 0917-5040

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