Prevalence of Frailty Assessed by Fried and Kihon Checklist Indexes in a Prospective Cohort Study: Design and Demographics of the Kyoto-Kameoka Longitudinal Study

Yosuke Yamada, Hinako Nanri, Yuya Watanabe, Tsukasa Yoshida, Keiichi Yokoyama, Aya Itoi, Heiwa Date, Miwa Yamaguchi, Motoko Miyake, Emi Yamagata, Hajime Tamiya, Miho Nishimura, Mami Fujibayashi, Naoyuki Ebine, Mitsuyoshi Yoshida, Takeshi Kikutani, Eiichi Yoshimura, Kazuko Ishikawa-Takata, Minoru Yamada, Tomoki NakayaYasuko Yoshinaka, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Hidenori Arai, Misaka Kimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

73 Citations (Scopus)


Objective The Kyoto-Kameoka Study was launched in 2011–2012 to identify the associations among food intake, nutritional status, physical activity, oral function, quality of life or social capital, the use of long-term care insurance (LTCI) system, and healthy lifespan in community-dwelling older people as a part of the World Health Organization Safe Community program. Design A prospective cohort study, reporting baseline demographics (cross-sectional data). Setting and participants We conducted 2 mailed self-administered questionnaire surveys; one is a complete population survey with a comprehensive survey of needs in the sphere of daily life (NSDL) that included 2 different frailty indexes, the Kihon Checklist (KCL) and the Fried phenotype, socioeconomic status, general and psychological health, and social relationships; followed by the more detailed Health and Nutrition Survey. A slightly modified NSDL survey was conducted again in 2013. Survival time, LTCI certification, and medical and long-term care costs after the baseline survey will be followed. Results Of 18,231 NSDL questionnaires distributed, 13,294 people responded (response rate: 72.92%; mean age 73.7 ± 6.4 and 75.1 ± 7.2 years for men and women, respectively; 12,054 people without and 1240 with LTCI certification). In people without LTCI, the proportion of robust, prefrail, and frail were 30.3%, 59.8%, and 9.9% in men and 25.3%, 64.7%, and 10.0% in women, according to the Fried index. The proportion of frail people as defined by KCL ≥7 was 30.8% in men and 33.3% in women. Conclusions The study is the first to document frailty prevalence using both Fried and KCL measures with a complete city population survey among older Japanese in the community as a part of World Health Organization Safe Community program. The study is expected to provide valuable evidence of the effects of lifestyle habits on long-term care prevention and healthy life span.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)733.e7-733.e15
JournalJournal of the American Medical Directors Association
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 01-08-2017
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Nursing
  • Health Policy
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


Dive into the research topics of 'Prevalence of Frailty Assessed by Fried and Kihon Checklist Indexes in a Prospective Cohort Study: Design and Demographics of the Kyoto-Kameoka Longitudinal Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this