Prevalence of hepatitis B virus subgenotypes and basal core promoter, precore variants in patients with acute hepatitis B in central Vietnam

Kazuhiko Hayashi, Yoshiaki Katano, Tran Xuan Chuong, Yasushi Takeda, Masatoshi Ishigami, Akihiro Itoh, Yoshiki Hirooka, Isao Nakano, Tran Van Huy, Nguyen Ngoc Minh, Tran Thi Minh Diem, Dong Thi Hoai An, Pham Hoang Phiet, Hidemi Goto

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8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) has been classified into 8 genotypes that have different geographic distributions. The clinical outcomes of acute hepatitis are dependent on genotype. The aim of this study was to investigate the distribution of HBV subgenotypes and basal core promoter (BCP)/precore (PC) regions in acute hepatitis patients in Central Vietnam to clarify the distributions and the clinical and virological differences. Methods: 27 patients with acute hepatitis B were studied. HBV subgenotypes and BCP/PC variants were determined by direct sequencing of the preS, BCP/PC regions, respectively. Results: HBV subgenotypes B4/Ba (n = 22) and C1/Cs (n = 5) were detected. Of the 27 patients, 3 developed fulminant hepatic failure, and all were infected with B4/Ba. Three patients had a BCP mutation, and 10 patients had a PC mutation in subgenotype B4/Ba. Three patients with C1/Cs had a BCP mutation. Two of 3 patients who progressed to fulminant hepatic failure had T1762, A1764, and A1896 simultaneously. None of the patients with acute, self-limited hepatitis carried these triple mutations. Conclusion: The prevalent HBV subgenotypes in patients with acute hepatitis B in Central Vietnam were B4/Ba and C1/Cs. BCP/PC variants have an association with the development of fulminant hepatic failure in subgenotype B4/Ba.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-28
Number of pages7
JournalIntervirology
Volume52
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 05-2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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    Hayashi, K., Katano, Y., Chuong, T. X., Takeda, Y., Ishigami, M., Itoh, A., Hirooka, Y., Nakano, I., Huy, T. V., Minh, N. N., Diem, T. T. M., An, D. T. H., Phiet, P. H., & Goto, H. (2009). Prevalence of hepatitis B virus subgenotypes and basal core promoter, precore variants in patients with acute hepatitis B in central Vietnam. Intervirology, 52(1), 22-28. https://doi.org/10.1159/000210835