Objective: We investigated the prevalence of antibody against hepatitis E virus (HEV) in Japanese patients with hemophilia. Methods: IgG antibody against HEV was measured in serum of 80 Japanese patients with hemophilia by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The prevalence of HEV antibody was compared with the reported prevalence of HEV antibody in Japanese patients undergoing hemodialysis and in Japanese healthy blood donors. Characteristics of patients and coinfection with other transfusion-transmissible viruses were compared in patients with and without HEV antibody. Results: Anti-HEV IgG antibody was detected in 13 of 80 patients (16.3%). The prevalence was far higher than that reported in Japanese blood donors (3.7%) and was higher than that in Japanese patients undergoing hemodialysis (9.4%). The patients with HEV antibody were significantly older than those without. HEV antibody was not detected in patients <20 years of age and in patients who had received only virus-inactivated coagulation factors. No association was observed between positivity for anti-HEV antibody and severity of hemophilia or coinfection with other parenterally transmissible viruses. Conclusion: Our results suggest that the parenteral transmission of HEV may have occurred in Japanese patients with hemophilia via non-virus-inactivated coagulation factors.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Infectious Diseases