This study was conducted to investigate whether hydroxyapatite (HAP) is appropriate as a percutaneous drug carrier for estradiol (E2) for the suppression of bone loss. Ten‐week‐old female Sprague–Dawley rats were subjected either to bilateral ovariectomy (OVX) or to sham surgery (control). Ovariectomized rats were implanted percutaneously with E2‐HAP disks containing low, medium or high doses of estradiol (50, 250, or 500 μg E2/rat, respectively). Ovariectomized rats without implant and OVX rats implanted only with HAP served as additional controls. All rats were sacrificed 90 days after surgery. At the end of the experiment, bone mineral density of the lumbar spine was measured by dual energy X‐ray absorption, and serum E2 was assayed by radioimmunoassay. The bone mineral density of OVX and HAP‐treated OVX rats decreased by 18% compared to sham surgery rats, but decreased by only 13, 7, and 3% in rats treated with 50, 250, and 500 μg E2/rat, respectively. The in vitro release of E2 from E2‐HAP devices was determined by an HPLC method. Estradiol release from the HAP devices followed almost a zero‐order kinetics. Estradiol remained intact in E2‐HAP implants for up to six months when stored at 5, 25, and 40°C. This study indicates that E2‐HAP implants are effective in suppressing bone loss in the spine of OVX rats in a dose‐dependent manner. © 1995 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering