In order to clarify the preventive action of Dai-Saiko-to (Da-Chai-Hu-Tang) extract (TJ-8) on the progression of acute liver injury in rats intoxicated with carbon tetrachloride (CCl4), we examined the effect of post-oral TJ-8 administration on hepatic active oxygen metabolism following the progression of this liver damage. When TJ-8 (1.0 g/kg body weight) was administered orally to male Wistar rats aged five weeks 2 hrs after i.p. injection of CCl4 (1.0 ml/kg body weight), an apparent liver injury occurred. Significant prevention against the progression of liver injury was found at 24 hrs after injection, judging from the activities of serum transaminases, indexes of liver cell damage. Liver cytosolic superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity decreased 2 and 24 hrs after CCl4 injection, while liver cytosolic catalase and glutathione reductase (GSSG-R) activities decreased 24 hrs after the injection. At 2 and 24 hrs after CCl4 treatment, liver cytosolic Se-containing glutathione peroxidase (GSH-px) activity did not change and liver cytosolic glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PDH) activity increased. Post-oral TJ-8 administration significantly ameliorated decreases in liver SOD, catalase, and GSSG-R activities at 24 hrs after CCl4 injection, but did not affect liver Se-GSH-px and increased liver G-6-PDH activities at 24 hrs after the injection. Although increased liver lipid peroxide level and decreased liver reduced glutathione and ascorbic acid levels were observed 2 and 24 hrs after CCl4 injection, post-oral TJ-8 administration significantly prevented these changes found at 24 hrs after injection. These results indicate that post-oral TJ-8 administration can prevent the progression of acute liver injury in CCl4-injected rats by inhibiting enhanced lipid peroxidation and by improving disrupted active oxygen metabolism in the injured liver.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Complementary and alternative medicine