The preventive effect of Oren-gedoku-to (Huanglian-Jie-Du-Tang) extract (TJ-15), a traditional Chinese herbal medicine for the therapies of gastric ulcers and gastritis, on the development of stress-induced acute gastric mucosal lesions was examined in rats with water immersion restraint (WIR) stress. Simultaneous p.o. administration of TJ-15 at a dose of 20, 100 or 250 mg/kg prevented dose-dependently gastric mucosal lesion development in rats subjected to WIR stress over a 6-h period. In the gastric mucosa of rats with WIR stress alone, lipid peroxide concentration and xanthine oxidase (XOD) and myeloperoxidase - an index of neutrophil infiltration - activities increased with lesion development, while nonprotein SH concentration decreased. The simultaneous administration of TJ-15 attenuated all these changes with gastric mucosal lesion development in a dose-dependent manner. These results indicate that simultaneously administered TJ-15 exerts a preventive effect on the development of WIR stress-induced acute gastric lesions in rats, and suggest that the preventive effect of TJ-15 could be due to its preventive actions on enhanced sulfhydryl oxidation and lipid peroxidation via oxygen free radicals generated by the xanthine-xanthine oxidase system and infiltrated neutrophils in the gastric mucosa and on neutrophil infiltration into the tissue.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Drug Discovery