An experimental murine model for autoimmune sialadenitis was produced by repeated immunization of homologous salivary gland extract together with Klebsiella O3 lipopolysaccharides as an immunological adjuvant. The cell infiltration was observed in the salivary glands of mice immunized more than twice. Inflammatory cells consisting mainly of CD4+ T cells and CD8+ T cells accumulated at the perivascular regions. There was hyperplasia and enlargement of ductal epithelial cells in the secretory acinar units in salivary glands of repeatedly immunized mice. The repeated immunization developed delayed-type hypersensitivity and autoantibody production to the homologous salivary gland extract. The immunohistochemical analysis showed positive staining on the cuboidal cells in the intercalated ducts, and the columnar pseudostratified cells in the striated ducts. Organ-specific antigens with molecular weights ranging from 20 to 90 kDa were recognized by the sera from immunized mice. Therefore, it was suggested that the sialadenitis was produced by the autoimmune mechanism and might be a new experimental model for characterization of the pathogenesis of autoimmune sialadenitis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy