We investigated the effect of T cell-dependent B cell activation on the production of IL-10 and IL-12 by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) obtained from patients with Graves' disease vs Hashimoto's thyroiditis, type 1 diabetes or normal controls. Incubation of PBMCs, from each of the subject groups, with a combination of anti-CD40 monoclonal antibodies and interleukin 4 (IL-4)-activated B cells, as shown by an increased level of soluble CD23. There was also a notable increase in the number of CD23+ cells in PBMCs from patients with Graves' disease as compared to the other subject groups. This combination of B cell stimulants increased production of IL-10 in PBMCs obtained from patients with Graves' disease relative to those patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis, type 1 diabetes, or the control subjects. The production of IL-12 showed wide variation that depended on the basal IL-12 level. In subjects with a low basal IL-12 level there was a positive correlation between the production of IL-12 and that of IL-10 from PBMCs stimulated with anti-CD40 antibodies plus IL-4. On the contrary, in the patients with a high basal IL-12 level, no change or a decrease of IL-12 production was observed after the stimulation. Thus, T cell-dependent B cell activation via a CD40 pathway triggers the overproduction of IL-10 and overcome the effect of IL-12 to shift the Th1/Th2 balance to Th2 dominance in patients with Graves' disease but not in Hashimoto's thyroiditis or type 1 diabetes. (C) 2000 Academic Press.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy
- Molecular Biology