We produced two novel rat monoclonal antibodies (LA102 and LA5) to identify mouse lymphatic vessels and blood vessels, respectively. We characterized the two antibodies as to the morphological and functional specificities of endothelial cells of both types of vessels. The antibodies were produced by a rapid differential immunization of DA rats with collagenase- and neuraminidase-treated mouse lymphangioma tissues. LA102 specifically reacted with mouse lymphatic vessels except the thoracic duct and the marginal sinus of lymph nodes, but not with any blood vessels. In contrast, LA5 reacted with most mouse blood vessels with a few exceptions, but not with lymphatics. LA102 recognized a protein of 25-27 kDa, whereas LA5 recognized a molecule of 12-13 kDa. Neither antibody recognized any currently identified lymphatic or vascular endothelial cell antigens. Immunoelectron microscopy revealed that the antigens recognized by LA102 and LA5 were localized on both luminal and abluminal endothelial cell membranes of each vessel type. Interestingly, LA102 immunoreactivity was strongly expressed on pinocytic or transport vesicle membrane in the cytoplasm of lymphatic endothelium. Besides endothelial cells, both antibodies also recognized some types of lymphoid cells. Since, the LA102 antigen molecule is expressed on some lymphoid cells, it may play important roles in the migration of lymphoid cells and in some transport mechanisms through lymphatic endothelial cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Developmental Biology
- Cell Biology