Objective: To determine the appropriate initial ventilatory mode for neonatal congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) by comparing patient prognosis following conventional mechanical ventilation (CMV) versus high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFO). Study design: This multicenter retrospective cohort study was performed at 15 participating hospitals in Japan between 2011 and 2016. The 328 eligible CDH infants were classified into CMV (n = 78) and HFO groups (n = 250) to compare mortality and incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Propensity score matching was applied to reduce confounding by indication. Result: While crude mortality was significantly higher in the HFO than the CMV group, adjusted odds ratio (OR) did not show significant difference in mortality between groups (OR of HFO group: 0.98, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.57–1.67). Adjusted OR of BPD incidence showed no significant difference between groups (OR of HFO group: 1.66, 95%CI: 0.50–5.49). Conclusion: Initial ventilatory mode in CDH patients, whether CMV or HFO, does not affect prognosis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology