Prognostic impact of combined late gadolinium enhancement on cardiovascular magnetic resonance and peak oxygen consumption in ambulatory patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy

Takashi Yamada, Akihiro Hirashiki, Takahiro Okumura, Shiro Adachi, Shuzo Shimazu, Shinya Shimizu, Ryota Morimoto, Kyosuke Takeshita, Shinji Naganawa, Takahisa Kondo, Toyoaki Murohara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Peak oxygen consumption (peak VO2) and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) on cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) are prognostic in heart failure. We investigated whether LGE-CMR and peak VO2 combined had additive value in risk stratifying patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM).

Methods and Results Fifty-seven DCM patients underwent CMR and cardiopulmonary exercise testing. Cardiac events were cardiac death, hospitalization for decompensated heart failure, or lethal arrhythmia. Twenty-five (44%) were LGE-positive. The median peak VO2 was 18.5 mL·kg-1·min-1. On multivariate analysis, positive LGE (P =.048) and peak VO2 (P =.003) were independent cardiac event predictors. Cardiac event risk was significantly higher with positive LGE and peak VO2 < 18.5 mL·kg-1·min-1 than with negative LGE and peak VO2 ≥ 18.5 mL·kg-1·min-1 (hazard ratio 12.5; 95% CI 1.57-100; P =.017). In 3 patient groups (group A: no LGE, peak VO2 ≥ 18.5 mL·kg-1·min-1, n = 18; group B: positive LGE or peak VO2 < 18.5 mL·kg-1·min-1, n = 24; group C: positive LGE and peak VO2 < 18.5 mL·kg-1·min-1, n = 15) during follow-up (71 ± 32 months), group C had higher cardiac event rates than the others.

Conclusions Combined assessment of LGE-CMR and peak VO2 provides additive prognostic information in ambulatory DCM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)825-832
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cardiac Failure
Volume20
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-11-2014
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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