Background: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) because of left-sided heart disease carries a poor prognosis. We investigated whether non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) with PH is associated with poor prognosis. Methods and Results: A total of 256 consecutive DCM patients were enrolled. We measured the ratio of the maximum first derivative of left ventricular pressure (LVdP/dtmax)/systolic blood pressure and pressure half-time (T1/2) as cardiac function. Patients were allocated to 2 groups on the basis of mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP), namely DCM without PH group (mPAP <25 mmHg; n=225) and DCM with PH group (mPAP ≥25 mmHg; n=31). We followed all patients for a mean of 4.3 years for the occurrence of cardiac events, defined as cardiac death or hospitalization for worsening heart failure. Cardiac events were significantly more frequent in the DCM with PH group than in the DCM without PH group (P<0.001). Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that mPAP ≥25 mmHg and LV end-systolic volume index were significant independent risk factors for cardiac death. Incidence of cardiac death was significantly higher in patients with DCM with PH than in those without PH [hazard ratio 11.79 (3.18-43.7), P<0.0001]. Conclusions: The presence of PH was independently associated with an increased incidence of cardiac death in ambulatory patients with DCM.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine