Background: Arterial pseudoaneurysm is a rare but potentially fatal complication after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). This study aimed to evaluate the incidence and predictors associated with pseudoaneurysm formation and patient death caused by its rupture. Patients and method: We retrospectively reviewed the data of 453 patients who underwent PD from April 2007 to February 2019. Uni- and multivariate analysis and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis were performed to identify risk factors and optimal cutoff values. Results: Among the 453 patients, 22 (4.9%) developed pseudoaneurysm after PD. Median duration from surgery to detection of pseudoaneurysm was 17.0 (1–51) days. The locations of pseudoaneurysms were hepatic artery in 8, splenic artery in 3, gastroduodenal artery in 4, gastric artery in 2 and others in 5 patients, and 72.7% (16/22) of patients presented with hemorrhage. All pseudoaneurysms were treated using angioembolization. Lower age (<65.5 years, p = 0.004), prolonged operation time (Cutoff ˃610 min, p = 0.026) and postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) (p = 0.013) were the independent risk factors for development of pseudoaneurysm. 6 (27.3%) patients died due to rupture of pseudoaneurysm and prolonged operation time (Cutoff ˃657 min, p = 0.043) was a significant risk factor for death related to pseudoaneurysm. Conclusion: Prolonged operating time was identified as a risk factor for both pseudoaneurysm formation and patient death following pseudoaneurysm bleeding. Interventional radiology treatment offered a central role in the treatment of pseudoaneurysms after PD. Therefore, it is important to have a high index of suspicion in high risk patients of the possibility of pseudoaneurysm formation and bleeding.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism