Promotion of a venous thromboembolism prevention protocol at a perioperative management center

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Abstract

Objectives: Perioperative venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a potentially fatal complication, making preoperative VTE diagnosis and secondary thromboprophylaxis important. This study was performed to investigate the impact of promotion of a preoperative VTE protocol at a perioperative management center (PMC) on detecting the preoperative VTE rate and subsequent treatment. Methods: This retrospective study involved patients aged ≥20 years who underwent elective anesthesia. The patients were divided into two groups: the pre-PMC group (January to October 2014, before the opening of the PMC) and the post-PMC group (January to December 2019, after the opening of the PMC). The rates of preoperative lower-limb compression ultrasonography (CUS), VTE detection, anticoagulation therapy, and new postoperative pulmonary embolism (PE) were compared between the two groups. Results: The pre-PMC and post-PMC groups comprised 3737 and 5388 patients, respectively. The preoperative CUS and VTE detection rates were significantly higher in the post-PMC than pre-PMC group (7.2% and 1.43% vs. 25.6% and 3.93%, respectively; P<0.001). There was no significant difference in the rate of anticoagulation therapy in patients with preoperative VTE (88.9% vs. 84.7%, P=0.43). Heparin and direct oral anticoagulants were primarily used in the pre-PMC and post-PMC groups, respectively. The efficacy and safety were comparable between the two groups. No new postoperative PE was detected in either group. Conclusions: Promotion of the preoperative VTE protocol led by the PMC increased the rates of preoperative CUS and preoperative VTE detection. This may aid in secondary thromboprophylaxis in the preoperative period and prevention of postoperative PE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-185
Number of pages7
JournalFujita medical journal
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine
  • General Health Professions

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