There are only a few reports that describe the hepatocytic differentiation potential of human adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hADMSCs) and no reports that describe the in vivo functions of hepatocyte-like cells differentiated from somatic stem cells including hADMSCs. In this study, we established a new method for generation of functional hepatocyte-like cell clusters using floating culture method and induced functional hepatocyte-like cell clusters, which functioned effectively not only in vitro but also in vivo. The generated hepatocyte-like cell clusters were characterized by gene expression analysis, functional assays, and transplantation into non-obese diabetic severe combined immunodeficiency (NOD-SCID) mouse with chronic liver injury. The generated hepatocyte-like cell clusters expressed various genes normally found on mature hepatocytes. The cell clusters exhibited functional characteristics of hepatocytes: they expressed albumin, secreted urea, had cytochrome P450 activity, could take up low-density lipoprotein, and stored glycogen. Transplantation of these cell clusters into NOD-SCID mouse with chronic liver injury resulted in a significant improvement of serum albumin and total bilirubin levels. In summary, we established a new protocol for efficient induction of hADMSCs into functional hepatocyte-like cell clusters.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Biomedical Engineering