Prospective study of diagnostic yields of flexible spectral imaging color enhancement installed in colon capsule endoscopy for colorectal polyps and tumors

Takafumi Omori, Yasutaka Jodai, Kohei Maeda, Naoki Ohmiya

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Abstract

Background and Aims: We prospectively determined the efficacy of flexible spectral imaging color enhancement (FICE) used with second-generation colon capsule endoscopy (CCE) for colorectal polyps and tumors (CRTs). Methods: This study included optical colonoscopy within 4 months after CCE. Two colonoscopists independently reviewed CCE using white-light images (CCE-WL) and CCE using FICE images (CCE-FICE), respectively. Based on colonoscopic findings as the criterion standard, the diagnostic accuracy for CRTs was compared between CCE-WL and CCE-FICE. Results: Of 89 enrolled patients (65 men and 24 women; 75 with CRTs including 36 with serrated lesions, 63 with adenomas, and 9 with adenocarcinomas), the per-patient detectability of CCE-FICE for the representative CRTs was significantly higher than that of CCE-WL: overall CRTs (CCE-WL, 79%; CCE-FICE, 88%; P = .0001), 6- to 9-mm CRTs (CCE-WL, 63%; CCE-FICE, 94%; P = .0055), and ≥6-mm CRTs (CCE-WL, 78%; CCE-FICE, 93%; P = .0159). The per-lesion sensitivity of CCE-FICE was significantly higher than that of CCE-WL for CRTs: overall (CCE-WL, 61%; CCE-FICE, 79%; P < .0001), <6 mm (CCE-WL, 53%; CCE-FICE, 69%; P < .0001), 6- to 9-mm CRTs (CCE-WL, 65%; CCE-FICE, 93%; P = .0007), slightly elevated CRTs (CCE-WL, 53%; CCE-FICE, 75%; P < .0001), tubular adenomas (CCE-WL, 61%; CCE-FICE, 79%; P < .0001), and serrated polyps (CCE-WL, 57%; CCE-FICE, 74%; P = .0022). Both modes detected all adenocarcinomas. No significant differences were found between CCE-WL and CCE-FICE of the per-lesion sensitivity for ≥10-mm CRTs (CCE-WL, 81%; CCE-FICE, 94%; P = .1138) or protruding CRTs (CCE-WL, 77%; CCE-FICE, 86%; P = .0614). Kappa coefficients for overall CRTs for CCE-WL and CCE-FICE were .66 and .64, respectively, which indicated substantial agreement. Conclusions: CCE-FICE improved the detection rates for all CRTs except adenocarcinomas, ≥10-mm polyps, and protruding polyps when compared with CCE-WL. (Clinical trial registration number: UMIN 000021125.)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-253.e2
JournalGastrointestinal endoscopy
Volume99
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 02-2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Gastroenterology

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