Prospective study of persistence and excretion of human herpesvirus-6 in patients with exanthem subitum and their parents

Sadao Suga, Tetsushi Yoshikawa, Yuji Kajita, Takao Ozaki, Yoshizo Asano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

60 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. To elucidate persistence of human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6) in the blood and excretion of the virus into several body fluids of patients with exanthem subitum (ES), and to examine serologic and virologic findings of the parents caring for the patients in the family setting. Materials and Methods. During a 15-month period, 20 infants from 20 families (11 boys and 9 girls; mean age, 7.7 months; range, 4-11 months) with primary HHV-6 infection and a typical clinical course of ES, and 15 parents from the 20 families (2 males and 13 females; mean age, 28.2 years; range, 21-34 years) were enrolled in the study and examined clinically and virologically. Primary infection with HHV-6 was confirmed by isolation of the virus from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (MNCs), and seroconversion or a significant increase in the antibody titers to HHV-6 by a neutralization test. Viral persistence or excretion was examined by amplifying the viral deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) in serially collected peripheral blood MNCs, plasma, saliva, stool, and urine samples with a nested polymerase chain reaction method. Data on saliva from the parents were compared with those of 21 age-matched controls. Results. Twenty infants with virologically confirmed ES had HHV-6 DNA in MNCs persistently during and after the disease but in plasma only in the first 5 days of ES. The viral DNA was also detected persistently or intermittently in saliva and stool during and after the disease but rarely in urine. On the other hand, the 15 parents examined of the 20 infants had no HHV-6 viremia nor viral DNA in peripheral blood MNCs and plasma except 1, but half of them excreted viral DNA in saliva during and after ES. The frequency of excretion of viral DNA into saliva was not significantly different from that of 21 control parents. Only 1 of the 15 showed a fourfold increase in antibody titers to HHV-6 after possible exposure from their children. Conclusions. After systemic replication of HHV-6 in the blood of patients with ES during the first 5 days of the disease, the virus is excreted into saliva and stool persistently or intermittently but rarely into urine. The presence of HHV-6 DNA in plasma suggested active infection with the virus. Excretion of the virus into the saliva of infants with ES and their parents suggests the source and transmission route of infection with HHV-6.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)900-904
Number of pages5
JournalPediatrics
Volume102
Issue number4 I
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-10-1998

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Human Herpesvirus 6
Exanthema
Parents
Prospective Studies
Saliva
DNA
Blood Cells
Urine
Virus Diseases
Viruses
Herpesviridae Infections
Neutralization Tests
Infectious Disease Transmission
Antibodies
Viremia
Body Fluids

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Suga, Sadao ; Yoshikawa, Tetsushi ; Kajita, Yuji ; Ozaki, Takao ; Asano, Yoshizo. / Prospective study of persistence and excretion of human herpesvirus-6 in patients with exanthem subitum and their parents. In: Pediatrics. 1998 ; Vol. 102, No. 4 I. pp. 900-904.
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title = "Prospective study of persistence and excretion of human herpesvirus-6 in patients with exanthem subitum and their parents",
abstract = "Objective. To elucidate persistence of human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6) in the blood and excretion of the virus into several body fluids of patients with exanthem subitum (ES), and to examine serologic and virologic findings of the parents caring for the patients in the family setting. Materials and Methods. During a 15-month period, 20 infants from 20 families (11 boys and 9 girls; mean age, 7.7 months; range, 4-11 months) with primary HHV-6 infection and a typical clinical course of ES, and 15 parents from the 20 families (2 males and 13 females; mean age, 28.2 years; range, 21-34 years) were enrolled in the study and examined clinically and virologically. Primary infection with HHV-6 was confirmed by isolation of the virus from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (MNCs), and seroconversion or a significant increase in the antibody titers to HHV-6 by a neutralization test. Viral persistence or excretion was examined by amplifying the viral deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) in serially collected peripheral blood MNCs, plasma, saliva, stool, and urine samples with a nested polymerase chain reaction method. Data on saliva from the parents were compared with those of 21 age-matched controls. Results. Twenty infants with virologically confirmed ES had HHV-6 DNA in MNCs persistently during and after the disease but in plasma only in the first 5 days of ES. The viral DNA was also detected persistently or intermittently in saliva and stool during and after the disease but rarely in urine. On the other hand, the 15 parents examined of the 20 infants had no HHV-6 viremia nor viral DNA in peripheral blood MNCs and plasma except 1, but half of them excreted viral DNA in saliva during and after ES. The frequency of excretion of viral DNA into saliva was not significantly different from that of 21 control parents. Only 1 of the 15 showed a fourfold increase in antibody titers to HHV-6 after possible exposure from their children. Conclusions. After systemic replication of HHV-6 in the blood of patients with ES during the first 5 days of the disease, the virus is excreted into saliva and stool persistently or intermittently but rarely into urine. The presence of HHV-6 DNA in plasma suggested active infection with the virus. Excretion of the virus into the saliva of infants with ES and their parents suggests the source and transmission route of infection with HHV-6.",
author = "Sadao Suga and Tetsushi Yoshikawa and Yuji Kajita and Takao Ozaki and Yoshizo Asano",
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Prospective study of persistence and excretion of human herpesvirus-6 in patients with exanthem subitum and their parents. / Suga, Sadao; Yoshikawa, Tetsushi; Kajita, Yuji; Ozaki, Takao; Asano, Yoshizo.

In: Pediatrics, Vol. 102, No. 4 I, 01.10.1998, p. 900-904.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prospective study of persistence and excretion of human herpesvirus-6 in patients with exanthem subitum and their parents

AU - Suga, Sadao

AU - Yoshikawa, Tetsushi

AU - Kajita, Yuji

AU - Ozaki, Takao

AU - Asano, Yoshizo

PY - 1998/10/1

Y1 - 1998/10/1

N2 - Objective. To elucidate persistence of human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6) in the blood and excretion of the virus into several body fluids of patients with exanthem subitum (ES), and to examine serologic and virologic findings of the parents caring for the patients in the family setting. Materials and Methods. During a 15-month period, 20 infants from 20 families (11 boys and 9 girls; mean age, 7.7 months; range, 4-11 months) with primary HHV-6 infection and a typical clinical course of ES, and 15 parents from the 20 families (2 males and 13 females; mean age, 28.2 years; range, 21-34 years) were enrolled in the study and examined clinically and virologically. Primary infection with HHV-6 was confirmed by isolation of the virus from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (MNCs), and seroconversion or a significant increase in the antibody titers to HHV-6 by a neutralization test. Viral persistence or excretion was examined by amplifying the viral deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) in serially collected peripheral blood MNCs, plasma, saliva, stool, and urine samples with a nested polymerase chain reaction method. Data on saliva from the parents were compared with those of 21 age-matched controls. Results. Twenty infants with virologically confirmed ES had HHV-6 DNA in MNCs persistently during and after the disease but in plasma only in the first 5 days of ES. The viral DNA was also detected persistently or intermittently in saliva and stool during and after the disease but rarely in urine. On the other hand, the 15 parents examined of the 20 infants had no HHV-6 viremia nor viral DNA in peripheral blood MNCs and plasma except 1, but half of them excreted viral DNA in saliva during and after ES. The frequency of excretion of viral DNA into saliva was not significantly different from that of 21 control parents. Only 1 of the 15 showed a fourfold increase in antibody titers to HHV-6 after possible exposure from their children. Conclusions. After systemic replication of HHV-6 in the blood of patients with ES during the first 5 days of the disease, the virus is excreted into saliva and stool persistently or intermittently but rarely into urine. The presence of HHV-6 DNA in plasma suggested active infection with the virus. Excretion of the virus into the saliva of infants with ES and their parents suggests the source and transmission route of infection with HHV-6.

AB - Objective. To elucidate persistence of human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6) in the blood and excretion of the virus into several body fluids of patients with exanthem subitum (ES), and to examine serologic and virologic findings of the parents caring for the patients in the family setting. Materials and Methods. During a 15-month period, 20 infants from 20 families (11 boys and 9 girls; mean age, 7.7 months; range, 4-11 months) with primary HHV-6 infection and a typical clinical course of ES, and 15 parents from the 20 families (2 males and 13 females; mean age, 28.2 years; range, 21-34 years) were enrolled in the study and examined clinically and virologically. Primary infection with HHV-6 was confirmed by isolation of the virus from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (MNCs), and seroconversion or a significant increase in the antibody titers to HHV-6 by a neutralization test. Viral persistence or excretion was examined by amplifying the viral deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) in serially collected peripheral blood MNCs, plasma, saliva, stool, and urine samples with a nested polymerase chain reaction method. Data on saliva from the parents were compared with those of 21 age-matched controls. Results. Twenty infants with virologically confirmed ES had HHV-6 DNA in MNCs persistently during and after the disease but in plasma only in the first 5 days of ES. The viral DNA was also detected persistently or intermittently in saliva and stool during and after the disease but rarely in urine. On the other hand, the 15 parents examined of the 20 infants had no HHV-6 viremia nor viral DNA in peripheral blood MNCs and plasma except 1, but half of them excreted viral DNA in saliva during and after ES. The frequency of excretion of viral DNA into saliva was not significantly different from that of 21 control parents. Only 1 of the 15 showed a fourfold increase in antibody titers to HHV-6 after possible exposure from their children. Conclusions. After systemic replication of HHV-6 in the blood of patients with ES during the first 5 days of the disease, the virus is excreted into saliva and stool persistently or intermittently but rarely into urine. The presence of HHV-6 DNA in plasma suggested active infection with the virus. Excretion of the virus into the saliva of infants with ES and their parents suggests the source and transmission route of infection with HHV-6.

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