Prostaglandin E1 is frequently used for the clinical treatment of acute sensorineural hearing loss. However, the mechanisms underlying the effects of prostaglandin E1 on the inner ear have not yet been elucidated. The physiological effects of prostaglandin E1 are mediated by the prostanoid receptors prostaglandin I receptor and the prostaglandin E receptor subtypes EP1, EP2, EP3, and EP4, the respective agonists for which have been purified. In the current study, we examined the efficacy of a local EP4 agonist application for the treatment of sensorineural hearing loss. We examined EP4 expression in the mouse cochlea using the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and immunohistochemistry. The protective effects of local EP4 agonist treatment before or after noise exposure were tested in guinea pigs using measurements of auditory brain-stem responses and histological analysis. The results demonstrated EP4 expression in the cochlea, and showed that pre- and post-treatment with an EP4 agonist significantly attenuated threshold shifts of auditory brain stem responses, and significant attenuation in the loss of outer hair cells was found in local EP4 agonist treatment before noise exposure. These findings indicate that EP4 is involved in mechanisms for prostaglandin E1 actions on the cochlea, and local EP4 agonist treatment could attenuate acute sensorineural hearing loss.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 02-06-2009|
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