In previous studies, we reported that prostaglandin F(2α) (PGF(2α)) stimulates phosphoinositide hydrolysis by phospholipase C and phosphatidylcholine hydrolysis by phospholipase D in osteoblast-like MC3T3- E1 cells. In the present study, we examined the effect of PGF(2α) on synthesis of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and the involvement of protein kinase C (PKC) activation in the IL-6 synthesis in these cells. PGF(2α) significantly stimulated IL-6 synthesis in a dose-dependent manner in the range between 10 nM and 10 μM. A PKC-activating phorbol ester, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13- acetate (TPA), induced IL-6 synthesis. On the contrary, 4α-phorbol 12,13- didecanoate, a PKC-nonactivating phorbol ester, had no effect. The synthesis of IL-6 stimulated by a combination of PGF(2α) and TPA was not additive. Staurosporine, an inhibitor for protein kinases that suppressed the TPA- induced IL-6 synthesis, significantly inhibited the PGF(2α)-induced IL-6 synthesis. Calphostin C, a highly specific PKC inhibitor, also suppressed the PGF(2α)-stimulated synthesis of IL-6. The effect of PGF(2α) on IL-6 synthesis in PKC-downregulated cells was much weaker than that in intact cells. These results strongly suggest that PGF(2α) induces IL-6 synthesis via PKC activation in osteoblast-like cells.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism|
|Issue number||2 35-2|
|Publication status||Published - 01-02-1997|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Physiology (medical)