Abnormal intracellular signaling molecules in dopamine signal transduction are thought to be associated with the pathophysiology of methamphetamine (METH)-use disorder. A recent study reported that a new intracellular protein, prostate apoptosis response 4 (Par-4), plays a critical role in dopamine 2 receptor signaling. We therefore analyzed the association between the Par-4 gene (PAWR) and METH-use disorder in a Japanese population (191 patients with METH-use disorder and 466 healthy controls). Using the recommended "gene-based" association analysis, we selected five tagging SNPs in PAWR from the HapMap database. No significant allele/genotype-wise or haplotype-wise association was found between PAWR and METH-use disorder. These results suggest that PAWR does not play a major role in METH-use disorders in the Japanese population.