The protective effect of ebselen, which possesses glutathione peroxidase-like activity and antioxidative and anti-inflammatory properties, against the progression of acute gastric mucosal lesions was examined in rats with a single intraperitoneal injection of compound 48/80 (0.75 mg/kg). Ebselen (50, 100 or 200 mg/kg) was orally administered 0.5 h after compound 48/80 treatment, at which time gastric mucosal lesions appeared. Post-administered ebselen suppressed gastric mucosal lesion progression at 3 h after compound 48/80 treatment dose-dependently, although no dose of ebselen affected the decreased gastric mucosal blood flow and increased serum serotonin and histamine concentrations found at 3 h after the treatment. A decrease in Se-glutathione peroxidase activity and increases in myeloperoxidase and xanthine oxidase activities and the concentration of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances were found in gastric mucosal tissues at 0.5 h after compound 48/80 treatment, and these changes were further enhanced at 3 h. Post-administered ebselen attenuated all these changes found at 3 h after compound 48/80 treatment dose-dependently. The present results indicate that ebselen exerts a protective effect against the progression of compound 48/80-induced acute gastric mucosal lesions in rats, and they suggest that this protective effect of ebselen could be due to its glutathione peroxidase-like activity and its antioxidative and anti-inflammatory properties.
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