BACKGROUND: Nisoldipine, a calcium antagonist, was assessed for myocardial protection and the prevention of reperfusion injury in patients undergoing CABG. METHODS: Of the 34 subjects undergoing CABG in this study, 20 were given nisoldipine orally at 10 mg/day for 2 weeks before surgery (N group) and the other 14 untreated controls (C group). Myocardial protection was conducted via ante-grade cold blood cardioplegia at 20-minute intervals. RESULTS: Myocardial blood flow was significantly higher in the N group (67.8 +/- 21.8 ml/100 g vs. 47.2 +/- 14.4 ml/100 g, p < 0.05) after cardiopulmonary bypass. Serum interleukin-6 levels were significantly lower in the N group 1 hour after reperfusion (116 +/- 58 vs. 409 +/- 362 pg/ml, p < 0.05), as were serum lactate dehydrogenase levels immediately after surgery (888 +/- 268 vs. 1350 +/- 486 IU/L, p < 0.05). The N Group showed a better left ventricle stroke work index 6 hours after surgery (43 +/- 8 vs. 36 +/- 9 g.m/m2). Dopamine dosage in the N group on postoperative day 1 was lower than in controls (5.3 +/- 1.9 vs. 3.0 +/- 2.4 micrograms/kg/min). CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative nisoldipine treatment increased blood flow in the postischemic myocardium and prevented myocardial damage and reperfusion injury to some extent.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||The Japanese journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery : official publication of the Japanese Association for Thoracic Surgery = Nihon Kyōbu Geka Gakkai zasshi|
|Publication status||Published - 10-1999|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine