Background: The KM mouse lacks endogenous genes for immunoglobulins and carries the entire human IgH locus and the IgLk transgene. Therefore, human IgA1 does not provoke a hetero-immune response. We had observed mesangial IgA deposits in KM mice given desialo-degalacto (DeS/DeGal) IgA1. Methods: In this study, the mice were immunized with synthetic IgA1 hinge (glyco-)peptide before administration of DeS/DeGal IgA1, and the effects of the pre-immunization were evaluated. Mice were divided into sHP, 5GalNAc-sHP and non-immunization groups. In two pre-immunization groups, KLH-conjugated sHP or KLH-5GalNAc-sHP, which has five GalNAc residues, was subcutaneously given three times every 2 weeks. Two weeks after the final pre-immunization, DeS/DeGal IgA1 was administered daily for 5 weeks. Serial serum levels of anti-sHP and anti-IgA1 antibodies were evaluated by ELISA. On the day of the last administration of IgA1, renal biopsy was performed. Results: Mesangial IgA deposits were observed in all non-immunized mice. In pre-immunized mice, IgA deposition was not detected in 6 of 13 sHP mice and 1 of 4 5GalNAc-sHP mice. The intensities of IgA deposits were significantly different between sHP groups and non-immunized (P = 0.003) groups. There was a significant inverse correlation between the intensities of IgA deposits and the anti-sHP antibody titers (P = 0.016). Conclusions: These results suggest that the anti-IgA1 hinge peptide antibody plays a role in the inhibition of glomerular IgA deposition.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physiology (medical)