Pulmonary MRI with ultra-short TE using single- and dual-echo methods: comparison of capability for quantitative differentiation of non- or minimally invasive adenocarcinomas from other lung cancers with that of standard-dose thin-section CT

Yoshiharu Ohno, Masao Yui, Kaori Yamamoto, Masato Ikedo, Yuka Oshima, Nayu Hamabuchi, Satomu Hanamatsu, Hiroyuki Nagata, Takahiro Ueda, Hirotaka Ikeda, Daisuke Takenaka, Takeshi Yoshikawa, Yoshiyuki Ozawa, Hiroshi Toyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was thus to compare capabilities for quantitative differentiation of non- and minimally invasive adenocarcinomas from other of pulmonary MRIs with ultra-short TE (UTE) obtained with single- and dual-echo techniques (UTE-MRISingle and UTE-MRIDual) and thin-section CT for stage IA lung cancer patients. Methods: Ninety pathologically diagnosed stage IA lung cancer patients who underwent thin-section standard-dose CT, UTE-MRISingle, and UTE-MRIDual, surgical treatment and pathological examinations were included in this retrospective study. The largest dimension (Dlong), solid portion (solid Dlong), and consolidation/tumor (C/T) ratio of each nodule were assessed. Two-tailed Student’s t-tests were performed to compare all indexes obtained with each method between non- and minimally invasive adenocarcinomas and other lung cancers. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC)-based positive tests were performed to determine all feasible threshold values for distinguishing non- or minimally invasive adenocarcinoma (MIA) from other lung cancers. Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were then compared by means of McNemar’s test. Results: Each index showed significant differences between the two groups (p < 0.0001). Specificities and accuracies of solid Dlong for UTE-MRIDual2nd echo and CTMediastinal were significantly higher than those of solid Dlong for UTE-MRISingle and UTE-MRIDual1st echo and all C/T ratios except CTMediastinal (p < 0.05). Moreover, the specificities and accuracies of solid Dlong and C/T ratio were significantly higher than those of Dlong for each method (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Pulmonary MRI with UTE is considered at least as valuable as thin-section CT for quantitative differentiation of non- and minimally invasive adenocarcinomas from other stage IA lung cancers. Clinical relevance statement: Pulmonary MRI with UTE’s capability for quantitative differentiation of non- and minimally invasive adenocarcinomas from other lung cancers in stage IA lung cancer patients is equal or superior to that of thin-section CT. Key Points: • Correlations were excellent for pathologically examined nodules with the largest dimensions (Dlong) and a solid component (solid Dlong) for all indexes (0.95 ≤ r ≤ 0.99, p < 0.0001). • Pathologically examined Dlong and solid Dlong obtained with all methods showed significant differences between non- and minimally invasive adenocarcinomas and other lung cancers (p < 0.0001). • Solid tumor components are most accurately measured by UTE-MRIDual2nd echo and CTMediastinal, whereas the ground-glass component is imaged by UTE-MRIDual1st echo and CTlung with high accuracy. UTE-MRIDual predicts tumor invasiveness with 100% sensitivity and 87.5% specificity at a C/T threshold of 0.5.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1065-1076
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Radiology
Volume34
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 02-2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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