Purely endoscopic repair of traumatic cerebrospinal fluid rhinorrhea from the anterior skull base: Case report

Mika Komatsu, Fuminari Komatsu, Luigi M. Cavallo, Domenico Solari, Vita Stagno, Tooru Inoue, Paolo Cappabianca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A 38-year-old woman presented with a case of post-traumatic ethmoidal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak that was repaired using a purely endoscopic endonasal approach. Six weeks after a mild domestic maxillofacial trauma, she started complaining of clear, watery discharge from the left nostril and headache. Neuroimaging investigations disclosed a linear fracture of the left anterior ethmoidal roof without evidence of large bony breaches or any brain tissue damage. After conservative medical treatment with carbonic anhydrase inhibitors failed, she was referred to our hospital for surgical repair of the osteodural defect. An endoscopic endonasal transethmoidal approach was successfully performed, and an overlay technique was used to reconstruct the defect. The patient was discharged without clinical evidence of CSF rhinorrhea and no leaks were apparent at the 3-month follow-up clinical and radiological examinations. Post-traumatic CSF rhinorrhea occurs in cases of dural tears associated with small bone breaks, most frequently involving the anterior skull base. Recovery is often spontaneous following only bed rest, or with medical treatments such as inhibitors of carbonic anhydrase diuretics, steroids, or eventually stool softeners to help reduce CSF pressure. Surgical repair is required when first-line conservative treatment proves ineffective. The present case shows that the endoscopic endonasal technique for the management of CSF leaks provides a less invasive surgical route to achieve valid dural repair.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)222-225
Number of pages4
Journalneurologia medico-chirurgica
Volume51
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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