Quality Control of Stem Cell-Based Cultured Meat According to Specific Differentiation Abilities

Yuna Naraoka, Yo Mabuchi, Mai Kiuchi, Kyoko Kumagai, Daisuke Hisamatsu, Yosuke Yoneyama, Takanori Takebe, Chihiro Akazawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The demand for stem cell-based cultured meat as an alternative protein source is increasing in response to global food scarcity. However, the definition of quality controls, including appropriate growth factors and cell characteristics, remains incomplete. Cluster of differentiation (CD) 29 is ubiquitously expressed in bovine muscle tissue and is a marker of progenitor cells in cultured meat. However, CD29+ cells are naturally heterogeneous, and this quality control issue must be resolved. In this study, the aim was to identify the subpopulation of the CD29+ cell population with potential utility in cultured meat production. The CD29+ cell population exhibited heterogeneity, discernible through the CD44 and CD344 markers. CD29+CD44−CD344− cells displayed the ability for long-term culture, demonstrating high adipogenic potential and substantial lipid droplet accumulation, even within 3D cultures. Conversely, CD29+CD44+ cells exhibited rapid proliferation but were not viable for prolonged culture. Using cells suitable for adipocyte and muscle differentiation, we successfully designed meat buds, especially those rich in fat. Collectively, the identification and comprehension of distinct cell populations within bovine tissues contribute to quality control predictions in meat production. They also aid in establishing a stable and reliable cultured meat production technique.

Original languageEnglish
Article number135
JournalCells
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology

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