Background & aims There is no established non-invasive method for diagnosis of pancreatic fibrosis. Shear wave elastography (SW-EG) may be a candidate for this purpose. The aims of this study were to assess the reproducibility of SW-EG in the normal imaging pancreas (Phase 1) and to evaluate the diagnostic performance of SW-EG for pancreatic fibrosis classified histologically (Phase 2). Methods Phase 1: This included 127 cases that underwent SW-EG of the normal imaging pancreas. SW-EG was measured at least five times in the pancreatic parenchyma and the median of repeated measurements was defined as the pancreatic elastic modulus (PEM). Phase 2: This included 53 cases that underwent SW-EG of the pancreatic parenchyma preoperatively and in which pancreas parenchyma were evaluated histologically. Histological fibrosis was graded in 4 stages: normal, mild, moderate, and severe. Results Phase 1: Median PEM in the head, body, and tail of the pancreas were 3.23, 3.17, and 2.91 kPa, respectively, with no significant difference among regions (P = 0.554). The intraclass correlation coefficient showed good reproducibility (ρ = 0.71) after 5 measurements. Phase 2: There was a significant positive correlation between PEM and the histological pancreatic fibrosis stage (rs = 0.63, P < 0.001). Areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve for the accuracy of SW-EG for diagnosis of pancreatic fibrosis were 0.85 (≥mild), 0.84 (≥moderate), and 0.87 (severe). Conclusion SW-EG can be used to determine the stage of pancreatic fibrosis non-invasively with high accuracy and reproducibility.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism