Rabphilin-3A is a putative target protein for Rab3A, a member of the small G protein superfamily that is implicated in regulated secretion, particularly in neuro-transmitter release. Rabphilin-3A contains at least two functionally different domains: the N-terminal Rab3A-binding domain and the C-terminal C2 domain, which interacts with both Ca2+ and phospholipid. Because Rabphilin-3A interacts preferentially with GTP-Rab3A rather than with GDP-Rab3A, we have examined here whether Rabphilin-3A affects the GTPase activity of Rab3A. Rabphilin-3A and its N-terminal fragment, but not its C-terminal fragment, very weakly stimulated the basal GTPase activity of Rab3A. However, Rabphilin-3A and its N-terminal fragment strongly inhibited the Rab3A GAP-stimulated GTPase activity of Rab3A. Ca2+ and phospholipid showed no effect on these activities of Rabphilin-3A. The physiological significance of the GAP activity of Rabphilin-3A is obscure, but it is likely that Rabphilin-3A inhibits Rab3A GAP activity and keeps Rab3A in the GTP-bound active form during its action as a target molecule for Rab3A.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Biological Chemistry
|Published - 25-10-1993
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology