Radiation doses for pregnant women in the late pregnancy undergoing fetal-computed tomography: a comparison of dosimetry and Monte Carlo simulations

Yuta Matsunaga, Ai Kawaguchi, Masanao Kobayashi, Shigetaka Suzuki, Shoichi Suzuki, Koichi Chida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purposes of this study were (1) to compare the radiation doses for 320- and 80-row fetal-computed tomography (CT), estimated using thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs) and the ImPACT Calculator (hereinafter referred to as the “CT dosimetry software”), for a woman in her late pregnancy and her fetus and (2) to estimate the overlapped fetal radiation dose from a 320-row CT examination using two different estimation methods of the CT dosimetry software. The direct TLD data in the present study were obtained from a previous study. The exposure parameters used for TLD measurements were entered into the CT dosimetry software, and the appropriate radiation dose for the pregnant woman and her fetus was estimated. When the whole organs (e.g., the colon, small intestine, and ovaries) and the fetus were included in the scan range, the difference in the estimated doses between the TLD measurement and the CT dosimetry software measurement was <1 mGy (<23 %) in both CT units. In addition, when the whole organs were within the scan range, the CT dosimetry software was used for evaluating the fetal radiation dose and organ-specific doses for the woman in the late pregnancy. The conventional method using the CT dosimetry software cannot take into account the overlap between volumetric sections. Therefore, the conventional method using a 320-row CT unit in a wide-volume mode might result in the underestimation of radiation doses for the fetus and the colon, small intestine, and ovaries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)148-154
Number of pages7
JournalRadiological Physics and Technology
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-06-2017

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pregnancy
dosimeters
Pregnant Women
tomography
Tomography
Radiation
Pregnancy
dosage
radiation
Software
fetuses
computer programs
simulation
Fetus
organs
intestines
ovaries
Small Intestine
Ovary
Colon

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiation
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

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abstract = "The purposes of this study were (1) to compare the radiation doses for 320- and 80-row fetal-computed tomography (CT), estimated using thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs) and the ImPACT Calculator (hereinafter referred to as the “CT dosimetry software”), for a woman in her late pregnancy and her fetus and (2) to estimate the overlapped fetal radiation dose from a 320-row CT examination using two different estimation methods of the CT dosimetry software. The direct TLD data in the present study were obtained from a previous study. The exposure parameters used for TLD measurements were entered into the CT dosimetry software, and the appropriate radiation dose for the pregnant woman and her fetus was estimated. When the whole organs (e.g., the colon, small intestine, and ovaries) and the fetus were included in the scan range, the difference in the estimated doses between the TLD measurement and the CT dosimetry software measurement was <1 mGy (<23 {\%}) in both CT units. In addition, when the whole organs were within the scan range, the CT dosimetry software was used for evaluating the fetal radiation dose and organ-specific doses for the woman in the late pregnancy. The conventional method using the CT dosimetry software cannot take into account the overlap between volumetric sections. Therefore, the conventional method using a 320-row CT unit in a wide-volume mode might result in the underestimation of radiation doses for the fetus and the colon, small intestine, and ovaries.",
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Radiation doses for pregnant women in the late pregnancy undergoing fetal-computed tomography : a comparison of dosimetry and Monte Carlo simulations. / Matsunaga, Yuta; Kawaguchi, Ai; Kobayashi, Masanao; Suzuki, Shigetaka; Suzuki, Shoichi; Chida, Koichi.

In: Radiological Physics and Technology, Vol. 10, No. 2, 01.06.2017, p. 148-154.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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