Background/Aims: The present study was undertaken to investigate possible changes in the K-ras oncogene in patients with gallbladder lesions (carcinoma, adenoma or hyperplasia) in relation to the presence or absence of an anomalous connection of pancreatobiliary ducts (ACPBD). Methodology: Gallbladder specimens were obtained from 44 patients with lesions that were either with or without ACPBD, and DNA samples were analyzed using PCR-SSCP. Point mutations in codons 12, 13 and 61 were analyzed by direct sequencing methods with oligonucleotide primers. Results: The K-ras codon 12 was detected in 83.3% (5/6) of carcinomas, the one adenoma tested and in 35.7% (5/14) of hyperplastic lesions with ACPBD, as opposed to only 36.4% (4/11) of carcinomas without ACPBD. The one case of gallbladder adenoma and 11 cases of normal gallbladder without ACPBD studied demonstrated no point mutations in the K-ras oncogene. Conclusions: Alteration of the K-ras oncogene appears to be involved in the early stages of gallbladder carcinogenesis when in association with ACPBD. The results further suggest that hyperplasia in cases with ACPBD may be a significant pre-cancerous lesion.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 1997|
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