The glucagon receptor (Gcgr) is essential for maintaining glucose homeostasis in the liver and for stimulating insulin secretion in pancreatic β-cells. Glucose induces rat Gcgr mRNA expression; however, the precise mechanism remains unknown. We previously have studied the role of the carbohydrate response element binding protein (ChREBP), a glucose-activated transcription factor, in the regulation of glucose-stimulated gene expression. The G-box has previously been reported to be responsible for glucose regulation of Gcgr mRNA expression. The G-box comprises two E-boxes separated by 3 bp, which distinguishes it from the carbohydrate response element (ChoRE), which has 5-bp spacing between the two E-boxes. In the rat Gcgr promoter, a putative ChoRE (-554 bp/-538 bp) is localized near the G-box (-543 bp/-529 bp). In rat INS-1E insulinoma cells, deletion studies of the rat Gcgr promoter show that ChoRE is a minimal glucose response element. Moreover, reporter assays using a pGL3 promoter vector, which harbors ChoRE and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays reveal that ChoRE is a functional glucose response element in the rat Gcgr promoter. Furthermore, In contrast, glucagon partly suppresses glucose-induced expression of Gcgr mRNA. Thus, ChREBP directly regulates rat Gcgr expression in INS-1E cells. In addition, negative feedback looping between ChREBP and GCGR may further contribute to the regulation of glucose-induced gene expression.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 27-01-2012|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology