We analysed immunoglobulin (Ig) gene rearrangements in 28 patients with multiple myeloma by Southern hybridization method. We used 5 probes which cover C kappa and kappa de loci of Ig light chain kappa gene, and JH, 5'S mu and S gamma 3 loci of Ig heavy chain gene. In 11 out of 12 patients with kappa-producing myeloma, DNA rearrangements were observed using C kappa probe. Among them, kappa de region was rearranged in 7 patients and kept germline configuration in 4 patients. In all of 14 patients with lambda-producing myeloma, C kappa region was deleted and kappa de region was rearranged. 5'S mu-probe was very useful for detecting class switch recombination, and furthermore by using S gamma-probe together, S mu-S gamma joining could be detected. In all of 10 patients with gamma-producing myeloma, 5'S mu and S gamma-probes detected the rearranged band of the same size on at least 1 allele, which suggested the presence of S mu-S gamma joinings. In 8 of 10 patients with Bence-Jones myeloma, 5'S mu-probe detected rearranged bands and the presence of class switch recombinations were suggested as observed in other Ig secretory myelomas. In other 2 patients with Bence-Jones myeloma, non-functional class switch recombinations were detected. The results of this study indicated that genotypes corresponded well to phenotypes in multiple myeloma, and further analysis in other types of B cell malignancies will be interesting.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||[Rinshō ketsueki] The Japanese journal of clinical hematology|
|Publication status||Published - 01-1992|
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