Histochemical reports claim that sulfomucins decrease and sialylated mucins increase during colon carcinogenesis. We examined the expression of colon-specific sulfomucins and sialosyl Tn antigen (STN) in normal small intestine, normal colorectal mucosa and colorectal tumours at different stages of progression immunohistochemically, using MAb 91.9H specific for colonic sulfomucins and MAb TKH-2 for STN. No expression of sulfomucins recognized by MAb 91.9H was found in normal small intestine, whereas STN staining was pronounced. The converse was the case in normal colorectal mucosa. Sulfomucins were still found in adenomas, but the amounts decreased with depth of invasion in cancers (P < 0.001). In contrast, no STN could be detected in benign lesions, but staining became increasingly evident with invasion (P < 0.001). This reciprocal control of expression of colon-specific sulfomucins and STN evident in tumour progression indicates that the mucous phenotype shifts from the colonic to the small intestinal type.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology