Nonspecific immunoglobulin E (IgE) production is an event characteristically observed in parasitic helminth infections, but its mechanisms are still unclear. To define these mechanisms, we prepared a recombinant Dirofilaria immitis protein (rDiAg) and assessed its effect on nonspecific IgE production. rDiAg preferentially induced nonspecific IgE production, without eliciting specific IgE production, as well as a Th2-type cytokine profile (high interleukin-4 [IL-4] and IL-10 production but low gamma interferon production) in BALB/c mice. rDiAg significantly elicited the proliferative response of naive B cells. This response was not abolished by polymyxin B, an inhibitor of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and rDiAg normally expanded splenic B cells from LPS nonresponder C3H/HeJ mice. Thus, the mitogenic effect of rDiAg was not due to LPS contamination. rDiAg also enhanced levels of CD23 expression on splenic B cells. Splenic B cells produced marked levels of IgE when cultured with the combination of rDiAg and IL-4 (rDiAg-IL-4), whereas peritoneal B cells produced negligible levels of IgE. rDiAg-IL-4-induced IgE production by splenic B cells was synergistically increased by coculture with peritoneal B cells. rDiAg-driven IL-10 secretion was higher in peritoneal B cells than in splenic B cells. IgE production by splenic B cells cocultured with peritoneal B cells was decreased to a level comparable to that by splenic B cells in the presence of a neutralizing anti-IL-10 monoclonal antibody. Collectively, these results suggest that rDiAg-induced polyclonal expansion and IgE class switching of splenic B cells contribute to nonspecific IgE production and that these responses are enhanced by peritoneal B-cell-derived IL-10.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Infectious Diseases