Recording multifocal electroretinogram on and off responses in humans

Mineo Kondo, Yozo Miyake, Masayuki Horiguchi, Satoshi Suzuki, Atsuhiro Tanikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)


PURPOSE. To record the on and off responses of the multifocal photopic electroretinogram (ERG) from the human retina and to explore how each ERG component (a-, b-, and d-waves) changes at different retinal eccentricities. METHODS. Multifocal ERGs were recorded with the visual evoked response imaging system. Sixty-one densely packed stimulus elements were square wave- modulated between stimulus on and stimulus off, according to a binary m- sequence at a rate of 4.7 Hz under a constant background illumination. The ERGs were recorded with a bipolar Burian-Allen bipolar contact lens electrode from five normal subjects. Response densities (amplitude per retinal area) were calculated for five different eccentric rings. RESULTS. The response densities for all components (a-, b-, and d-waves) decreased with increasing retinal eccentricities. The ratio of the d-wave to b-wave amplitudes was minimal in the central retina and increased toward the periphery. The ratio of a-wave to b-wave amplitudes also increased toward the peripheral retina. CONCLUSIONS. These results demonstrate that the on and off responses of the human cone ERGs have different spatial distributions across the human retina, and they suggest a change in the photopic retinal circuitry with increasing retinal eccentricities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)574-580
Number of pages7
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 03-1998
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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