The vesl-1S/homer-1a gene is up-regulated during seizure and long term potentiation. Other members of the Vesl family, Vesl-1L, -2, and -3, are constitutively expressed in the brain. We examined the regulatory mechanisms governing the expression level of Vesl-1S protein, either an exogenously introduced one in COS7 or human embryonic kidney 293T cells or an endogenous one in rat brain neurons in cultures. In both cases, application of proteasome inhibitors increased the amount of Vesl-1S protein but not that of Vesl-1L, -2, or -3 protein. Deletion analyses revealed that the C-terminal 11-amino acid region was responsible for the proteolysis of Vesl-1S by proteasomes. Application of proteasome inhibitors promoted ubiquitination of Vesl-1S protein but not that of the Vesl-1S deletion mutant, which evaded proteasome-mediated degradation. These results indicate that ubiquitin-proteasome systems are involved in the regulation of the expression level of Vesl-1S protein.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology