We investigated whether the anti-aversive effects of salmon calcitonin (SCT) was induced by increasing ACTH and beta-endorphin and/or by decreasing of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) levels in plasma of mice to elucidate the mechanisms responsible for the analgesic effects of SCT. Intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injections of SCT inhibited acetic acid- induced aversive behavior (writhing) in a U-shaped dose response curve, the most effective dose being 0.1 IU/mouse. Intraperitoneal (i.p.) injections of acetic acid increased, but not significantly, the levels of plasma ACTH and PGE2, but not beta-endorphin, which are considered to be psychoneuroendocrines correlated with pain. SCT (0.1 IU/mouse, i.c.v.) significantly increased plasma ACTH levels (p<0.05) and tended to increase beta-endorphin levels (p=0.052) in acetic acid-treated mice, whereas no change in PGE2 level was observed (p>0.1). These results suggest that the anti-aversive effects of SCT may be mediated, at least in part, by the activation of ACTH.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Research Communications in Chemical Pathology and Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - 1994|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)