Relationship between drinking and periodontitis

The Hisayama study

Yoshihiro Shimazaki, Toshiyuki Saito, Yutaka Kiyohara, Isao Kato, Michiaki Kubo, Mitsuo Iida, Yoshihisa Yamashita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Although recent studies suggest a relationship between alcohol consumption and periodontal disease, the dose-response relationship between drinking and the severity of periodontitis is unclear. Methods: Alcohol consumption was evaluated using the frequency of drinking and the daily alcohol intake for 961 individuals aged 40 to 79 years. Periodontal status was evaluated using probing depth (PD) and clinical attachment loss (CAL). Results: Alcohol consumption was linearly associated with the extent of PD and CAL in univariate analyses (P<0.001). In multivariate logistic regression analyses, the subjects drinking 15 to 29.9 g alcohol per day (odds ratio [OR] = 2.7; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.1 to 6.6) or more than 30 g per day (OR = 2.5; 95% CI = 1.1 to 5.7) had a significantly higher risk of having more than 35% of their teeth with PD ≥4 mm than non-drinkers, independent of other confounding variables. No significant relationship between drinking and CAL was observed in the multivariate analysis. Conclusion: These results suggest that the effect of drinking on periodontal condition is limited to subjects with deep periodontal pockets associated with more than one-third of their teeth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1534-1541
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Periodontology
Volume76
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-09-2005
Externally publishedYes

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Periodontitis
Alcohol Drinking
Drinking
Tooth
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Periodontal Pocket
Confounding Factors (Epidemiology)
Periodontal Diseases
Multivariate Analysis
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Alcohols

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Periodontics

Cite this

Shimazaki, Y., Saito, T., Kiyohara, Y., Kato, I., Kubo, M., Iida, M., & Yamashita, Y. (2005). Relationship between drinking and periodontitis: The Hisayama study. Journal of Periodontology, 76(9), 1534-1541. https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.2005.76.9.1534
Shimazaki, Yoshihiro ; Saito, Toshiyuki ; Kiyohara, Yutaka ; Kato, Isao ; Kubo, Michiaki ; Iida, Mitsuo ; Yamashita, Yoshihisa. / Relationship between drinking and periodontitis : The Hisayama study. In: Journal of Periodontology. 2005 ; Vol. 76, No. 9. pp. 1534-1541.
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Shimazaki, Y, Saito, T, Kiyohara, Y, Kato, I, Kubo, M, Iida, M & Yamashita, Y 2005, 'Relationship between drinking and periodontitis: The Hisayama study', Journal of Periodontology, vol. 76, no. 9, pp. 1534-1541. https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.2005.76.9.1534

Relationship between drinking and periodontitis : The Hisayama study. / Shimazaki, Yoshihiro; Saito, Toshiyuki; Kiyohara, Yutaka; Kato, Isao; Kubo, Michiaki; Iida, Mitsuo; Yamashita, Yoshihisa.

In: Journal of Periodontology, Vol. 76, No. 9, 01.09.2005, p. 1534-1541.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Shimazaki, Yoshihiro

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AU - Yamashita, Yoshihisa

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N2 - Background: Although recent studies suggest a relationship between alcohol consumption and periodontal disease, the dose-response relationship between drinking and the severity of periodontitis is unclear. Methods: Alcohol consumption was evaluated using the frequency of drinking and the daily alcohol intake for 961 individuals aged 40 to 79 years. Periodontal status was evaluated using probing depth (PD) and clinical attachment loss (CAL). Results: Alcohol consumption was linearly associated with the extent of PD and CAL in univariate analyses (P<0.001). In multivariate logistic regression analyses, the subjects drinking 15 to 29.9 g alcohol per day (odds ratio [OR] = 2.7; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.1 to 6.6) or more than 30 g per day (OR = 2.5; 95% CI = 1.1 to 5.7) had a significantly higher risk of having more than 35% of their teeth with PD ≥4 mm than non-drinkers, independent of other confounding variables. No significant relationship between drinking and CAL was observed in the multivariate analysis. Conclusion: These results suggest that the effect of drinking on periodontal condition is limited to subjects with deep periodontal pockets associated with more than one-third of their teeth.

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