Relationship Between Fasting Blood Glucose Levels in Middle Age and Cognitive Function in Later Life: The Aichi Workers’ Cohort Study

Masako Shimoda, Kayo Kaneko, Takeshi Nakagawa, Naoko Kawano, Rei Otsuka, Atsuhiko Ota, Hisao Naito, Masaaki Matsunaga, Naohiro Ichino, Hiroya Yamada, Chifa Chiang, Yoshihisa Hirakawa, Koji Tamakoshi, Atsuko Aoyama, Hiroshi Yatsuya

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Background: There is limited evidence regarding the relationship between Diabetes mellitus (DM) in middle age and mild cognitive impairment after a follow-up. Therefore, we investigated the relationship between fasting blood glucose (FBG) levels in middle age and cognitive function assessed using the Japanese version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA-J) in later life, following over 15 years of follow-up in the Aichi Workers’ Cohort Study in Japan. Methods: Participants were 253 former local government employees aged 60–79 years in 2018 who participated in a baseline survey conducted in 2002. Using baseline FBG levels and self-reported history, participants were classified into the normal, impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and, and DM groups. Total MoCA-J score ranges from 0 to 30, and cognitive impairment was defined as MoCA-J score ≤25 in this study. A general linear model was used to estimate the mean MoCA-J scores in the FBG groups, adjusted for age, sex, educational year, smoking status, alcohol consumption, physical activity, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, and estimated glomerular filtration rate. Results: The mean MoCA-J score in the total population was 25.0, and the prevalence of MoCA-J score ≤25 was 49.0%. Multivariable-adjusted total MoCA-J scores were 25.2, 24.8, and 23.4 in the normal, IFG, and DM groups, respectively. The odds ratio of MoCA-J score ≤25 in the DM group was 3.29. Conclusion: FBG level in middle age was negatively associated with total MoCA-J scores assessed later in life, independent of confounding variables.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-81
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of epidemiology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology


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